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Psychotherapy: Types of Therapies

Treatment begins with an initial interview to help gain a clear understanding of the reasons for therapy. The first one or two sessions involve a careful review of important issues and will include an intake interview and a few easily completed paper-and-pencil questionnaires. At the end of this process, a treatment plan is developed to map out the next best steps. This plan may involve psychotherapy alone, or may include referrals to additional services such as a medical evaluation or more specialized treatment.

 

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

The best-established of the modern forms of psychotherapy, CBT is based on a few important assumptions:

  Today’s problems are best solved by focusing on today, not the past. Learning history (a.k.a. the past) matters, but today is the only day in which we can take action to change.
   Our thoughts lead to our moods and our behavior.
  We can pay attention to our thoughts, we can evaluate our thoughts, and we can change thoughts that are unhelpful.
•   Thoughts are often based on long-standing beliefs or rules about the world. Sometimes these beliefs can be in error. Faulty beliefs can lead to unreasonable depression, anxiety, anger, or other difficulties.
  Unhelpful beliefs can also be changed and this can lead to a more healthful, effective life.

Rigorous research over several decades has shown CBT to be among the most effective of psychological treatments, as effective as medication in treating depression and anxiety, and the gold-standard treatment for issues such as recurrent panic attacks and recovery from traumatic events.

Additional Reading
About Anxiety
Single-Session Treatment for Specific Phobias
New York Times: Looking at Evidence That Therapy Works

 

 

The Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Center of Hawaii

615 Piikoi St., Suite 1503, Honolulu, HI 96814

Tel: 808-779-5807 Fax: 855-502-8887 Email: info {at} cbthawaii.com